RSS Uni. Porto Self-discharge mitigation in a liquid metal displacement battery

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Title: Self-discharge mitigation in a liquid metal displacement battery
Abstract: Recently, a disruptive idea was reported about the discovery of a new type of battery named Liquid Displacement Battery (LDB) comprising liquid metal electrodes and molten salt electrolyte. This cell featured a novel concept of a porous electronically conductive faradaic membrane instead of the traditional ion-selective ceramic membrane. LDBs are attractive for stationary storage applications but need mitigation against self-discharge. In the instant battery chemistry, Li|LiCl-PbCl2|Pb, reducing the diffusion coefficient of lead ions can be a way forward and a solution can be the addition of PbO to the electrolyte. The latter acts as a supplementary barrier and complements the function of the faradaic membrane. The remedial actions improved the cell's coulombic efficiency from 92% to 97% without affecting the voltage efficiency. In addition, the limiting current density of a 500 mAh cell increased from 575 to 831 mA cm鈭2 and the limiting power from 2.53 to 3.66 W. Finally, the effect of PbO on the impedance and polarization of the cell was also studied.​



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Title: Self-discharge mitigation in a liquid metal displacement battery Abstract: Recently, a disruptive idea was reported about the discovery of a new type of battery named Liquid Displacement Battery (LDB) comprising liquid metal electrodes and molten salt electrolyte. This cell featured a novel concept of a porous electronically conductive faradaic membrane instead of the traditional ion-selective ceramic membrane. LDBs are attractive for stationary storage applications but need mitigation against self-discharge. In the instant battery chemistry, Li|LiCl-PbCl2|Pb, reducing the diffusion coefficient of lead ions can be a way forward and a solution can be the addition of PbO to the electrolyte. The latter acts as a supplementary barrier and complements the function of the faradaic membrane. The remedial actions improved the cell's coulombic efficiency from 92% to 97% without affecting the voltage efficiency. In addition, the limiting current density of a 500 mAh cell increased from 575 to 831 mA cm鈭2 and the limiting power from 2.53 to 3.66 W. Finally, the effect of PbO on the impedance and polarization of the cell was also studied.



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