RSS Cientifico geral Design modifications of a UAV wing for optimal integration of a magnetic anomaly detection sensor

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Breve resumo:
This work describes the conceptual design of a Unmanned Air Vehicle (UAV) wing with a Magnetic Anomaly Detection (MAD) sensor for submarine detection operations. Nowadays, underwater marine vessels are able to evade conventional detection methods such as sonar. Therefore, it is necessary to integrate MAD sensors in modern Anti-Submarine Warfare theatres. UAVs typically generate a magnetic field due to the electrical systems on board, causing interference noise on the MAD sensor data analysis and compromising its performance. To address these issues, a characterization of the aircraft鈥檚 magnetic signature was conducted, and it was found that the wing tip and a tail stinger boom are the best options to minimize the magnetic noise. A structural and aerodynamic analysis of the aircraft showed the wing tip configuration was the best option since the amount of mass required to counter the moment of a tail stinger boom would require major modifications on the UAV. Also, the aircraft magnetic signature is minimum at the wing tip, with an intensity of -2.9nT. An aerodynamic characterization of the aircraft was carried to evaluate the effect of the MAD pods on the wingtips. A parametric optimization of the wing was conducted. Given the dimensional constraints on the wing structure and a target magnetic noise of 2nT at the wing tip, the optimizer objective function was to minimize the total fuel consumption. The optimum solution allowed a decrease of 30% on the magnetic noise and a fuel consumption of 8.71 kg of fuel for an 8-hour search operation.​



Info Adicional:
This work describes the conceptual design of a Unmanned Air Vehicle (UAV) wing with a Magnetic Anomaly Detection (MAD) sensor for submarine detection operations. Nowadays, underwater marine vessels are able to evade conventional detection methods such as sonar. Therefore, it is necessary to integrate MAD sensors in modern Anti-Submarine Warfare theatres. UAVs typically generate a magnetic field due to the electrical systems on board, causing interference noise on the MAD sensor data analysis and compromising its performance. To address these issues, a characterization of the aircraft鈥檚 magnetic signature was conducted, and it was found that the wing tip and a tail stinger boom are the best options to minimize the magnetic noise. A structural and aerodynamic analysis of the aircraft showed the wing tip configuration was the best option since the amount of mass required to counter the moment of a tail stinger boom would require major modifications on the UAV. Also, the aircraft magnetic signature is minimum at the wing tip, with an intensity of -2.9nT. An aerodynamic characterization of the aircraft was carried to evaluate the effect of the MAD pods on the wingtips. A parametric optimization of the wing was conducted. Given the dimensional constraints on the wing structure and a target magnetic noise of 2nT at the wing tip, the optimizer objective function was to minimize the total fuel consumption. The optimum solution allowed a decrease of 30% on the magnetic noise and a fuel consumption of 8.71 kg of fuel for an 8-hour search operation.



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